Honda GXV50

Honda GXV50The Honda GXV50 is a 49 cc, (2.99 cu·in) natural aspirated single-cylinder four-stroke air-cooled internal combustion small gasoline engine with a vertical shaft, manufactured by Honda Motor Company for general-purpose applications.

Cylinder bore and piston stroke are 41.8 mm (1.65 in) and 36.0 mm (1.42 in), respectively. Compression ratio rating is 8.0:1.

This engine produced 2.4 PS (1.8 kW; 2.4 HP) at 7,000 rpm of horsepower and 3.04 N·m (0.3 kg·m, 2.2 ft·lb) at 4,500 rpm of torque.

The Honda GXV50 features:

  • Overhead valve (OHV) design
  • Transistorized magneto ignition system
  • Horizontal type, butterfly valve carburetor
  • Centrifugal governor
  • Splash lubrication system
  • Forced air cooling system
  • Recoil or electric starter

General information

Engine Specifications
Engine modelGXV50
Engine type4-stroke, OHV, single-cylinder
Displacement49 cm3, (2.99 cu·in)
Max. horsepower2.4 PS (1.8 kW; 2.4 HP) at 7,000 rpm
Max. torque3.04 N·m (0.3 kg·m, 2.2 ft·lb) at 4,500 rpm
Cooling systemForced air
Air cleanerSemi-dry type
Lubricating systemSplash
Ignition systemTransistorized magneto ignition
Fuel systemHorizontal type, butterfly valve carburetor
Fuel consumption250 g/HPh
Fuel tank capacity0.5 L (0.13 US. gal. 0.11 Imp. gal.)
Fuel usedUnleaded gasoline (octane number 86 or higher)
Starting systemRecoil or electric starter
Stoping systemIgnition primary circuit ground
GovernorCentrifugal governor
PTO shaft rotationCounterclockwise (from PTO shaft side)
Dimensions (L x W X H)249 x 286 x 225 mm (9.8 x 11.3 x 8.9 in)
Dry weight5.2 kg (11.5 lbs)

Cylinder Block and Head

Cylinder block
Compression ratio:8.0:1
Cylinder bore:41.8 mm (1.65 in)
Piston stroke:36.0 mm (1.42 in)
Cylinder internal diameter (standard):41.800-41.815 mm (1.6457-1.6463 in)
Piston skirt outer diameter (standard):41.770-41.790 mm (1.6445-1.6453 in)
Number of piston rings (compression / oil):2/1
Connecting rod big end diameter (standard):15.000-15.011 mm (0.5906-0.591 in)
Connecting rod small end diameter (standard):10.006-10.007 mm (0.3939-0.394 in)
Side clearance (Top):0.015-0.050 mm (0.0006-0.002 in)
Side clearance (Second):0.015-0.050 mm (0.0006-0.002 in)
Ring end gap (Top):0.150-0.300 mm (0.0059-0.0118 in)
Ring end gap (Second):0.150-0.300 mm (0.0059-0.0118 in)
Ring width (Top):0.770-0.790 mm (0.0303-0.0311 in)
Ring width (Second):0.970-0.990 mm (0.0382-0.039 in)
Crankpin journal diameter:14.973-14.984 mm (0.5895-0.5899 in)
Crankshaft center distance:18 mm (0.71 in)
Cylinder head
Valve arrangement:OHV, gear driven
Valve steam diameter (INTAKE):3.970-3.985 mm (0.1563-0.1569 in)
Valve steam diameter (EXHAUST):3.935-3.950 mm (0.1549-0.1555 in)
Valve spring free length (INTAKE):23.7 mm (0.9331 in)
Valve spring free length (EXHAUST):23.7 mm (0.9331 in)
Camshaft lobe height (INTAKE):27.972 mm (1.1013 in)
Camshaft lobe height (EXHAUST):27.972 mm (1.1013 in)

Tightening torque specs

Tightening torque specs
Spark plug12 Nm; 1.2 kg·m; 8.6 ft·lb
Connecting rod bolt6 Nm; 0.6 kg·m; 4.3 ft·lb
Crankcase cover bolt7.5 Nm; 0.75 kg·m; 5.4 ft·lb
Oil case bolt7.5 Nm; 0.75 kg·m; 5.4 ft·lb
Valve cover bolt6 Nm; 0.6 kg·m; 4.3 ft·lb
Oil drain bolt11 Nm; 1.1 kg·m; 8 ft·lb
Flywheel nut21 Nm; 2.1 kg·m; 15 ft·lb
Fuel tank bolt10 Nm; 1.0 kg·m; 7 ft·lb
Igniton coil bolt6 Nm; 0.6 kg·m; 4.3 ft·lb
Fan caver stud bolt6 Nm; 0.6 kg·m; 4.3 ft·lb
Governor arm nut7 Nm; 0.7 kg·m; 5.1 ft·lb
Carburetor drain bolt4.5 Nm; 0.45 kg·m; 3.3 ft·lb
4 mm bolts, nuts3.5 Nm; 0.35 kg·m; 2.5 ft·lb
5 mm bolts, nuts5.5 Nm; 0.55 kg·m; 4.0 ft·lb
6 mm bolts, nuts10 Nm; 1.0 kg·m; 7 ft·lb

Service Data

Maximum speed:4,800 ± 150 rpm
Idle speed:2,500 ± 200 rpm
Cylinder compression:4.3 kg/cm2 (61.2 psi) at 1,000 rpm
Valve clearance
Intake valve clearance:0.06-0.10 mm (0.0024-0.0039 in)
Exhaust valve clearance:0.09-0.13 mm (0.0035-0.0051 in)
Oil system
Lubrication system:Splash
Oil type:Honda 4-stroke or an equivalent (SE or SF)
Recommended oil:SAE 10W-30
Oil capacity:0.25 L (0.26 US. qt, 0.22 Imp. qt.)
Fuel system
Type:Horizontal type, butterfly valve carburetor
Main jet:#55
Float height:12.0 mm (0.4724 in)
Pilot screw opening:1-1/8 turns out
Ignition system
Type:Transistorized magneto ignition
Ignition timing:30° B.T.D.C.
Spark plug:NGK: CR5HSB, DENSO: U16FSR-UB
Spark plug gap:0.6-0.7 mm (0.0236-0.0276 in)
Spark plug torque:12 N·m (1.2 kg·m, 8.8 ft·lb)
Ignition coil air gap0.3-0.5 mm (0.0118-0.0197 in)
Author: Sergei Wers
About: Co-founder and CEO of a multi-brand auto repair shop (engine repair, chassis repair, body repair and painting) for over 15 years. I have been developing internet sites with technical specifications for more than seven years.

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We try to use official documentation and verify the published data, but errors may occur. In addition, specifications of machinery and equipment may vary depending on markets and modifications. We do not recommend the use of this data for spare parts or repairs. Use official service manuals or parts catalogs for your product.

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